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The Endangered Species Act (ESA) in the 113th Congress: New and Recurring Issues


The Endangered Species Act (ESA; P.L. 93-205, 16 U.S.C. §§1531-1543) was enacted to increase protection for, and provide for the recovery of, vanishing wildlife and vegetation. Under ESA, species of plants and animals (both vertebrate and invertebrate) can be listed as endangered or threatened according to assessments of their risk of extinction. Habitat loss is the primary cause for listing species. Once a species is listed, powerful legal tools are available to aid its recovery and protect its habitat. Accordingly, when certain resources are associated with listed species- such as water in arid regions like California, old-growth timber in national forests, or free-flowing rivers-ESA is seen as an obstacle to continued or greater human use of these resources. ESA may also be controversial because dwindling species are usually harbingers of broader ecosystem decline or conflicts. As a result, ESA is considered a primary driver of large-scale ecosystem restoration issues. This report discusses oversight issues and legislation in the 113th Congress that address ESA implementation and management of endangered and threatened species.


This package includes following files:
# File Name Document Date Order ID: Number of Pages Price
1 R42945.pdf Feb 01, 2013 R42945 17 $29.95 Add to Cart

Older Versions:

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) in the 113th Congress: New and Recurring Issues  [Order No: R42945  Release Date: Mar 05,2013  Pages: 17]

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) in the 113th Congress: New and Recurring Issues  [Order No: R42945  Release Date: Feb 01,2013  Pages: 17]