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Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response


In 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court concluded in Roe v. Wade that the U.S. Constitution protects a woman's decision to terminate her pregnancy. In Doe v. Bolton, a companion decision, the Court found that a state may not unduly burden the exercise of that fundamental right with regulations that prohibit or substantially limit access to the means of effectuating the decision to have an abortion. Rather than settle the issue, the Court's rulings since Roe and Doe have continued to generate debate and have precipitated a variety of governmental actions at the national, state, and local levels designed either to nullify the rulings or limit their effect. These governmental regulations have, in turn, spawned further litigation in which resulting judicial refinements in the law have been no more successful in dampening the controversy. In recent years, the rights enumerated in Roe have been redefined by decisions such as Webster v. Reproductive Health Services, which gave greater leeway to the states to restrict abortion, and Rust v. Sullivan, which narrowed the scope of permissible abortion-related activities that are linked to federal funding. The Court's decision in Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, which established the "undue burden" standard for determining whether abortion restrictions are permissible, gave Congress additional impetus to move on statutory responses to the abortion issue, such as the Freedom of Choice Act.


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Older Versions:

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Jan 24,2014  Pages: 19]

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Jun 14,2013  Pages: 19]

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Jan 08,2013  Pages: 18]

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Jul 09,2012  Pages: 18]

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Jan 23,2012  Pages: 18]

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Oct 07,2011  Pages: 17]

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Feb 02,2011  Pages: 18]

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Sep 17,2010  Pages: 16]

Abortion: Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Jan 28,2010  Pages: 19]

Abortion: Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Nov 23,2009  Pages: 19]

Abortion: Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Apr 10,2009  Pages: 17]

Abortion: Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Jan 15,2009  Pages: 17]

Abortion: Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Jan 09,2008  Pages: 19]

Abortion: Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Dec 12,2007  Pages: 19]

Abortion: Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Jun 12,2007  Pages: 18]

Abortion: Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Jan 25,2007  Pages: 17]

Abortion: Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Sep 29,2006  Pages: 16]

Abortion: Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Jul 21,2006  Pages: 16]

Abortion: Legislative Response  [Order No: RL33467  Release Date: Jun 08,2006  Pages: 16]