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Trade Preferences: Economic Issues and Policy Options


Since 1974, Congress has created multiple trade preference programs designed to foster economic growth, reform, and development in less developed countries. These programs give temporary, non-reciprocal, duty-free U.S. market access to select exports of eligible countries. Congress has repeatedly revised and extended these programs. The112th Congress passed extensions to three trade preference programs: (1) the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) which expired on December 31, 2010 and was renewed retroactively from that date to July 31, 2013 (P.L. 112-40); (2) the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA) for Colombia and Ecuador until July 31, 2013 (P.L. 112-42); and (3) a "third-country fabric" provision in the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) until September 30, 2015 (P.L. 112-163). Since the GSP and ATPA programs were only extended until the end of July 2013, Congress may consider further renewal of these programs in the first session of the 113th Congress, along with possible trade preference reform options. Three bills in the 112th Congress, S. 105, S. 1244, and H.R. 2387, propose a new trade preference program that would provide duty-free and reduced tariff treatment for certain apparel from the Philippines. Other bills in the 112th Congress proposing preference programs include S. 1443, which would provide trade preferences for selected Asian and South Pacific countries. Congress established five trade preference programs. The GSP applies to all developing countries worldwide. In addition, there are four regional programs including the ATPA; the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA); the Caribbean Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA); the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA); and the Haitian Opportunity through Partnership Encouragement (HOPE) Act. In the second session of the 111th Congress, legislation was enacted to extend provisions in the CBPTA and HOPE Act through September 30, 2020, in the Haiti Economic Lift Program Act of 2010 (P.L. 111-171). Bills: S. 105, S. 1244, and H.R. 2387


THE DOCUMENT INCLUDES FOLLOWING FILES:
# FILE NAME Document Date Order ID: Number of Pages PRICE
1 R41429.pdf Jan 10, 2013 R41429 32 $19.95 ADD TO CART

Older Versions:

Trade Preferences: Economic Issues and Policy Options  [Order No: R41429  Release Date: Nov 14,2012  Pages: 32]

Trade Preferences: Economic Issues and Policy Options  [Order No: R41429  Release Date: Feb 24,2011  Pages: 34]

Trade Preferences: Economic Issues and Policy Options  [Order No: R41429  Release Date: Sep 24,2010  Pages: 34]