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Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties


U.S.-Russian trade is governed by Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974, which sets conditions on Russia's normal trade relations (NTR), or nondiscriminatory, status, including the "freedom-ofemigration" requirements of the Jackson-Vanik amendment (section 402). Changing Russia's trade status to unconditional NTR or "permanent normal trade relations status (PNTR)" requires legislation to lift the restrictions of Title IV as they apply to Russia and authorize the President to grant Russia PNTR by proclamation. On November 16, 2012, the House passed (365-43), and on December 6, 2012, the Senate passed (92-4) H.R. 6156, which does just that, among other things. The legislation also included provisions-the Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act of 2012-that impose sanctions on individuals linked to the incarceration and death of Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky. H.R. 6156 also authorizes PNTR status for Moldova. President Obama signed the legislation into law on December 14, 2012. PNTR for Russia became an issue for the 112th Congress because, on August 22, 2012, Russia joined the WTO after having completed a 19-year accession process. The WTO requires each member to accord newly acceding members "immediate and unconditional" most-favored-nation (MFN) status, or PNTR. In order to comply with WTO rules, the United States has to extend PNTR to Russia. Bills: S. 3406, H.R. 6156


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Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Dec 17,2012  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Nov 20,2012  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Jul 26,2012  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Jul 20,2012  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Jun 15,2012  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Mar 20,2012  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Jan 30,2012  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Nov 30,2011  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Nov 04,2011  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Jun 16,2011  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Mar 07,2011  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Dec 22,2010  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Dec 02,2010  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Feb 24,2010  Pages: 5]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Mar 18,2009  Pages: 5]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Jan 04,2008  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Jul 10,2007  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Jan 04,2007  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Jul 18,2006  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Jan 17,2006  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Nov 22,2005  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Jan 11,2005  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Mar 21,2003  Pages: 6]

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties  [Order No: RS21123  Release Date: Jan 28,2002  Pages: 6]