Endangered Species Act Issues Regarding Columbia Basin Salmon and Steelhead
Beginning in 1992, a series of BiOps were issued by NMFS. Courts have found almost all of them inconsistent with the ESA. The most recent BiOp was a 2010 supplement to the May 2008 BiOp, produced after the 2005 BiOp was remanded by a court for being arbitrary and capricious. In August 2011, that 2010 supplemental BiOp was also found insufficient by a federal court, and the temporary measures put in place in 2005 continue to dictate FCRPS operation. In the meantime, NMFS authorized Washington and Oregon to kill sea lions that gather seasonally below the Bonneville Dam to eat salmon, steelhead, and sturgeon. The authorization was revoked in November 2010, following a Ninth Circuit decision that the permit to kill was contrary to law. The court found that NMFS could not justify killing sea lions when the sea lions' take of the salmon was shown to be no larger than that of commercial fishing, which the court found had not been curtailed. In May 2011, NMFS authorized states to kill up to 85 sea lions, but withdrew that authorization in July 2011. In March 2012, NMFS authorized Washington, Oregon, and Idaho to kill or remove up to 92 animals annually through May 2016.
THE DOCUMENT INCLUDES FOLLOWING FILES:
|#||FILE NAME||Document Date||Order ID:||Number of Pages||PRICE|
|1||R40169.pdf||Jan 02, 2013||R40169||19||$19.95||ADD TO CART|