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The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress


Unconditional most-favored-nation (MFN) status, or in U.S. statutory parlance, normal trade relations (NTR) status, is a fundamental principle of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Under this principle, WTO members are required unconditionally to treat imports of goods and services from any WTO member no less favorably than they treat the imports of like goods and services from any other WTO member country. Under Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended, most communist or nonmarket-economy countries were denied MFN status unless they fulfilled freedom-of-emigration conditions as contained in Section 402, the so-called Jackson-Vanik amendment, or were granted a presidential waiver of the conditions, subject to congressional disapproval. The statute still applies to many of these countries, even though most have replaced their communist governments. The majority of these countries have joined the WTO or are candidates for accession. Several countries are close to completing the accession process, and Congress could soon face the issue of what to do about their NTR status to ensure that the United States benefits from those accession agreements. Bills: H.R. 6156, S. 3406


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The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Nov 20,2012  Pages: 5]

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Jul 26,2012  Pages: 5]

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Jul 20,2012  Pages: 5]

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Jun 15,2012  Pages: 5]

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Jun 13,2012  Pages: 5]

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Dec 20,2011  Pages: 5]

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Jan 05,2011  Pages: 5]

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Feb 24,2010  Pages: 5]

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Mar 30,2009  Pages: 4]

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Jan 08,2008  Pages: 6]

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Jan 03,2007  Pages: 6]

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Aug 29,2006  Pages: 6]

The Jackson-Vanik Amendment and Candidate Countries for WTO Accession: Issues for Congress  [Order No: RS22398  Release Date: Mar 14,2006  Pages: 6]