today's posted documents
- Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress -- Click to view this document
- Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies -- Click to view this document
- House Committee Party Ratios: 98th-113th Congresses -- Click to view this document
- Financial Market Supervision: Canada's Perspective -- Click to view this document
- Sage Grouse and the Endangered Species Act (ESA) -- Click to view this document
- Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination in Employment: A Legal Analysis of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) -- Click to view this document
- The Workforce Investment Act and the One-Stop Delivery System -- Click to view this document
- EPA Regulations: Too Much, Too Little, or On Track? -- Click to view this document
- Keystone XL Pipeline Project: Key Issues -- Click to view this document
- Central America Regional Security Initiative: Background and Policy Issues for Congress -- Click to view this document
- State Taxation of Internet Transactions -- Click to view this document
- Federal Assistance for Wildfire Response and Recovery -- Click to view this document
- The U.S. Export Control System and the President's Reform Initiative -- Click to view this document
- DESIGNING A DIGITAL FUTURE: FEDERALLY FUNDED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN NETWORKING AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY -- Click to view this document
- Winning the Future With Science and Technology for 21st Century Smart Systems -- Click to view this document
Campaign Finance Reform: A Compendium
Federal law has regulated money in elections for more than a century. Concerns about limiting the potential for corruption and informing voters have been at the heart of that law and related regulations and judicial decisions. Restrictions on private money in campaigns, particularly large contributions, have been a common theme throughout the history of federal campaign finance law. The roles of corporations, unions, interest groups, and private funding from individuals have attracted consistent regulatory attention. Congress has also required that certain information about campaigns’ financial transactions be made public. Collectively, three principles embodied in this regulatory tradition—limits on sources of funds, limits on contributions, and disclosure of information about these funds—constitute ongoing themes in federal campaign finance policy.
Throughout most of the 20th century, campaign finance policy was marked by broad legislation enacted sporadically. Key legislative action on campaign finance issues remains rare. Since the 1990s, however, momentum on federal campaign finance policy, including regulatory and judicial action, has arguably increased. Congress last enacted major campaign finance legislation in 2002. The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA) largely banned unregulated soft money in federal elections and restricted funding sources for pre-election broadcast advertising known as electioneering communications. As BCRA was implemented, regulatory developments at the Federal Election Commission, and court cases, stirred controversy and renewed popular and congressional attention to campaign finance issues. Since BCRA, Congress has also continued to explore legislative options and has made comparatively minor amendments to the nation’s campaign finance law.
In a major development, on January 21, 2010, the Supreme Court issued its decision in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. The ruling, among other things, lifted the long-standing Federal Election Campaign Act prohibition on corporations—and, implicitly, unions—using their general treasury funds for political advertisements known as independent expenditures and electioneering communications. Independent expenditures explicitly call for election or defeat of political candidates (known as express advocacy), may occur at any time, and are usually broadcast advertisements. They must also be uncoordinated with the campaign in question. Electioneering communications are defined only as broadcast advertising, are aired during specific pre-election windows, and might discuss a candidate, but do not explicitly call for election or defeat (known as issue advocacy).
This package includes following files:
|#||File Name||Document Date||Order ID:||Number of Pages||Price|
|1||C-12009 Campaign Finance Reform C-12009.pdf||Dec 04, 2012||C-12009||187||$59.95||Add to Cart|