- Foreign Assistance to North Korea -- Click to view this document
- Credit for Military Service Under Civilian Federal Employee Retirement Systems -- Click to view this document
- Navy Shipboard Lasers for Surface, Air, and Missile Defense: Background and Issues for Congress -- Click to view this document
- The Trend in Long-Term Unemployment and Characteristics of Workers Unemployed for Two Years or More -- Click to view this document
- Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview -- Click to view this document
- The Child Tax Credit: Current Law and Legislative History -- Click to view this document
- Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress -- Click to view this document
- Veterans\' Medical Care: FY2014 Appropriations -- Click to view this document
- The Affordable Care Act and Small Business: Economic Issues -- Click to view this document
- Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA): Resources for Frequently Asked Questions -- Click to view this document
- Implementation of Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS): Issues for Congress -- Click to view this document
- Federal Minimum Wage, Tax-Transfer Earnings Supplements, and Poverty -- Click to view this document
- Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests -- Click to view this document
- Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy -- Click to view this document
Canada: A Compendium
The United States and Canada have extensive ties that encompass a number of areas, including trade, security, the environment, and international affairs. The two countries cooperate widely in international security and political issues, both bilaterally and through numerous international organizations. Since September 11, 2001, the United States and Canada have cooperated extensively on efforts to combat terrorism Canada’s foreign and defense policies are usually in harmony with those of the United States. Areas of contention are relatively few, but sometimes sharp, as was the case in policy toward Iraq.
Border security is a major concern in the post-9/11 world. The two countries have launched a number of initiatives that attempt to better secure the common border without unduly disturbing legitimate travel and commerce. Under the Bush Administration, the United States, Canada, and Mexico created the Security and Prosperity Partnership, which was intended to provide security for the continent against criminal activities and external threats, while easing the flow of goods and travelers who cross the borders. It also aimed to boost prosperity through promoting cooperation in a number of areas, such as regulations.
The United States and Canada maintain the world’s largest trading relationship, one that has been strengthened over the past two decades by the approval of a bilateral U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement and the trilateral North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Aspects of the NAFTA may be reviewed by the Administration and Congress as U.S. trade policy comes under increased scrutiny. Although commercial disputes may not be quite as prominent now as they have been in the past, the two countries in recent years have engaged in difficult negotiations over items in several trade sectors, affecting only a small percentage of the total of goods and services exchanged. The issue that is currently causing the most controversy is the “Buy America” provision that was added to the U.S. economic stimulus package (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, PL 111-5). The measure essentially would require that public works projects paid for by stimulus funds be completed with raw and manufactured materials of U.S. content. While the United States maintains that this provision is being implemented consistent with U.S. trade obligations, Canadians object that the provision is protectionist, and is contrary to U.S. obligations under the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement, and the NAFTA. Canada is the United States’ largest supplier of energy—including oil, uranium, natural gas, and electricity—and the energy relationship has been growing.
The U.S. and Canada work together on environmental matters. The effects of the extraction and processing of Canada’s oil sands are an issue of concern. Among other effects, the U.S. and Canadian environmental and scientific communities are concerned about the potential risk of oil sands development for migratory birds. The two countries also have been discussing restoration of the Great Lakes, as well as the possible impact that climate change might have, including alteration of habitat for marine wildlife. Also, global warming is forecast to open a channel through Canada’s northern archipelago, creating a so called “northwest passage” that Ottawa holds would be a Canadian inland waterway and the U.S. and other nations hold would constitute an international strait, open to international navigation. Canada’s sovereignty claim raises commercial, environmental, and security issues.
This package includes following files:
|#||File Name||Document Date||Order ID:||Number of Pages||Price|
|1||C-12008 Canada C-12008.pdf||Nov 05, 2012||C-12008||319||$79.95||Add to Cart|